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Passive Defense and Crisis Management at Iran's National Petrochemical Company

Passive defense affairs and crisis management of Iran's national petrochemical company was established in 2009 in line with immunization and reduction of the vulnerability resulted by internal and external threats and to secure the facilities of the country petrochemical industry. Because of the civilian measures set are defined as the passive defense activities in order to increase deterrence, reduce vulnerability, sustain necessary activities, promote national sustainability and facilitate crisis management against threats, this company at the first step is attempting to classify petrochemical complexes on a critical, sensitive and important basis. The main goals of this work are in accordance with the nature and status of each company, implementing the requirements and approvals of passive defense in production companies and petrochemical projects.

Approaches of Petrochemical Industry Passive Defense:

·        Cyber defense

·        Chemical defense

·        Biological defense

·        Technical and engineering defense

·        Radioactive defense

·        Economic defense

·        Preparing against threats

Passive defense effects and results:

·        Reducing vulnerability

·        Increasing national sustainability

·        Defense against threats

·        Facilitating crisis management

·        Creating national interactions in emergencies

·        Creating defensive deterrence

·        Generating power of continuity and producing essential items

Objectives and programs of passive defense and crisis management of the petrochemical industry:

·        Promoting the knowledge and ability of managers and experts with planning and supervising the implementation of general and special training programs of passive defense and crisis management.

·        Creation of crisis management committees in petrochemical companies

·        Establishment of organizational structure and compilation of job descriptions of passive defense and crisis management in petrochemical companies

·        Considering the issues of passive defense in the duties of private and semi-private petrochemical companies

·        Ranking and classification of petrochemical plants and complexes from the perspective of passive defense considerations

·        Implementation of requirements of passive defense and crisis management in petrochemical companies

·        Planning and monitoring the implementation of passive defense maneuvers

·        Developing a strategic document for the passive defense of the petrochemical industry

·        Conducting conceptual studies on the basis of passive defense petrochemical complexes

·        Studying the stability of administrative and industrial networks in terms of the cyber passive defense

·        Reviewing and preparing the chemical defense plan of the country's petrochemical industry

·        Planning and implementation of locational studies in terms of passive defense considerations of areas for the construction of petrochemical industries.

·        Planning and monitoring conceptual studies of passive defense and crisis management of petrochemical companies

·        Development of requirements and instructions for passive defense and crisis management of petrochemical industry

·        Developing and communicating passive defense requirements for supplementary industries under construction in special areas

·        Developing and communicating a directive in the field of ICT management to deal with malware threats

·        Holding and supporting conference and event in various fields of passive defense and crisis management in the framework of the rules and regulations.

·        Conducting visits and implementation of audit programs of passive defense and crisis management

·        Culturization and institutionalization of passive defense by providing and delivering educational materials as electronic and paper brochures in the field of passive defense and crisis management.

·        Investigating the possibility of creating chemical emergency in the areas of Assaluyeh and Mahshahr